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Comprehensive Ranking System

Canada’s Express Entry system organizes immigration applications for three federal immigration programs: 

Federal Skilled Worker (FSW), 

Federal Skilled Trades (FST), and 

Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

To be considered for these programs, a candidate first submits an Express Entry profile to the pool of candidates. All Express Entry profiles are ranked against one another through the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) which assigns each candidate a CRS score out of 1200 points.

If a candidate’s CRS score is significantly lower than the minimum cut-off in the pool, they should consider trying to improve their score.


Express Entry Program: Text

Invitation to Apply (ITA)

This is the final step of the Express Entry program. Once you receive an ITA for Canadian permanent residence, you’re well on your way to fulfilling your Canadian immigration dreams!

How to get an Invitation to Apply (ITA)?

- The first step to obtaining an ITA is to submit an Express Entry profile to enter into a pool of candidates.

- The application is ranked using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The CRS is a merit-based points system that assigns a score to each candidate in the Express Entry pool.

- Candidates with a higher rank will receive an ITA and then be asked to submit an electronic Application for Permanent Residence (eAPR).

- After receiving an ITA, you will be given 90 days to prepare and submit an electronic Application for Permanent Residence (eAPR) in Canada. This application is submitted through the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) online web portal. Applicants will be asked to scan and submit copies of all required documents. 

- If the eAPR is successfully approved, the applicant and their dependent family members will be granted Canadian permanent residence. 

Express Entry Program: Text

Required Documents for eAPR

1) Identity and Civil Status Documents

- Passports 

- Birth certificates

- Marital status

2) Language Test Results

3) Work Experience Documents

  • Reference letters:

Reference letters should include the following:

  1. Job title

  2. Salary

  3. The average hours/week

  4. List of employment duties 

  5. The dates of your employment

  6. Copies of employment contracts and payslips 

  • Canadian work experience:

  • T4 tax information slips

  • Notice of Assessment and Option C printouts from CRA

  • A copy of your work permit/employment authorization

4) Education Documents

-       Copies of certificates, diplomas or degrees 

-       Copies of transcripts 

-       An original Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report

5) Proof of Funds

Sufficient funds to support your relocation to Canada. 

Number of Family Members                                         Funds Required

1                                                                                                  $12,960

2                                                                                                  $16,135

3                                                                                                  $19,836

4                                                                                                  $24,083

5                                                                                                  $27,315

6                                                                                                  $30,806

7                                                                                                  $34,299

For each additional family member                                            $3,492


Electronic copies of medical examination confirmation.


Police clearance certificates from every country resided in for six months or more since the age of 18. Police clearance certificates are only valid for 12 months. It’s important that you wait until you receive an ITA before you apply for one, otherwise, it could expire by the time your application is processed.


Two (2) digital photos of you, your spouse or partner, and each dependent child.


Principal Applicant: $1325

Spouse: $1325

Dependent children: $225/child


If claimed points for a provincial nomination, then you must provide a copy of the nomination.


  • If you have claimed points for a relative in Canada, you must provide:

  • Proof of Canadian citizenship/permanent resident status for your relative

  • Proof your relative residence in Canada such as utility bills, Canadian tax documents or banking recordsetc.

  • Proof of family relationship 

12) OFFER OF EMPLOYMENT (if points are claimed)

  • A valid job offer from a Canadian employer, you’ll need proof that the offer is legitimate by providing:

  • A letter from the employer offering the job in Canada

  • The associated LMIA number, if applicable

The job offer letter:

- should be printed on the company letterhead and includes name, the company’s contact information, and the name, title, and signature of the applicant’s immediate supervisor. 

- must also contain the expected start date, job title, duties and responsibilities, number of work hours per week, and annual salary plus benefits.

- must contain a commitment that the applicant will be employed on a continuous, paid, full-time bases for at least one year after issuance of permanent residence.

How long does it take to receive an ITA?

If you are highly ranked, you can expect to receive an ITA within a matter of days to a few weeks. If you are not selected right away, your profile will remain active in the Express Entry pool for 12 months.

Express Entry Program: Text

Cost to submit an eAPR?

The costs of the application depend on the applicant’s family size. 

  • Principal Applicant: $1325

  • Spouse: $1325

  • Dependent children: $225/child

  • Biometrics: $85/person

  • Medical examination fees: average cost – $450/adult & $250/child

  • Police clearance certificates: average cost – $100/country

Express Entry Program: Text
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